This is one of the oldest towns on the Adriatic

Retreat to Budva in Montenegro…

Your brain is still woozy from absorbing the red-gold autumn flamboyance of the Lovcen National Park and the raw wilderness of the rocky Dinara Alps, as you drive down towards Budva. Thank the rocky limestone mountain screen that paints Montenegro’s highway. Its a breather from the final spectacle that awaits. Ready or not, here it comes. Right after the final bend.

There it is sprawled at the foot of the slope…the 35 km long strip of Adriatic coast, the Budva Riviera! The view from the height makes your mouth curve into an ‘O’, eyes wider, neck taller, spine more erect as the cityscape expands and the coast stretches. The tourist capital of Montenegro, sparkling with nightlife and buzzing with jet setters is at your feet. Miles away, and you can still sense the pulsating energy…despite the haze of grey clouds.

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The luxe resort town of Sveti Stefan on its exclusive islet floats a couple of kilometers away. Gape away, it deserves all the attention. A fortified fishing village with a history going back to the 15th century, has morphed into a luxe retreat for the rich and famous, Sveti Stefan has had loyal celebrity vacationers in the league of Marilyn Monroe, Bobby Fischer, Sophia Loren, Kirk Douglas and Claudia Schiffer. Protected and preserved by Aman Resorts as Montenegro’s most luxurious boutique hotel, boasting of 50 island cottages, 3 beaches, 3 pools, a spa and several restaurants. Who wouldn’t mind a free pass? But its bad manners to keep a medieval Adriatic town waiting.

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The ancient coastal town of Budva jutting out of its small peninsula, bears tell-tale resemblance to Kotor, but look again…its own character shines through effortlessly. Budva hides a rich historical past reaching back to the 4th century BC when its first royal citizens, the Greek king of Thebes – Cadmus and his queen, Harmonia, expelled from their kingdom, headed in an oxen cart to find and establish a new home here. No prizes for guessing what Budva means. (“Bous” is Greek for ox). And that makes it one of the oldest urban settlements in the Adriatic. 2,500 years and it continues to be discovered by hundreds, every single day!

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Those irresistible Adriatic genes again…defensive, sea-facing stone walls, complete with towers, city gates and a citadel, circling a tightly knit pedestrian town. Entering from the main Land Gate, was you step onto the marble and granite maze of the main thoroughfare, Njegoševa Street, let yourself be transported back in time. The Old Town or Alstadt draws you into folds with its irregular cobbled stones, tiny hidden squares, Mediterranean-style stone houses and vibrant terracotta roofs.

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Each narrow lane pulls you magnetically to its white shuttered windows, arched doorways, rustic wood signboards. The familiar, unmistakable Roman influence is everywhere. Romantic open-air terraces with palm fronds, cafes with ivy-covered walls and shady subtropical gardens whisper enticingly. Melt into the curious languor. Disappear into a secluded alley, trail your fingers over the sturdy walls, press your toes against the hardness granite floors. Close your eyes and listen to the silence. Imagine yesterday, centuries ago. Find the original 5th-century entrance that led to the ancient town and step through. You’re Harmonia for one magical moment, frozen in time.

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Emerge into a hub of activity at the main plaza. Trace out the Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Venetian and Austro-Hungarian from different eras, incongruously juxtaposed, but still harmonious like a melody. Or a fusion salad of grain, vegetables and fruits…each individual element distinct, yet blending into an unusually delicious medley. Austere Austrian stone barracks. 7th-century Catholic Church of St. John with colourful frescoes. 19th-century Church of Holy Trinity with its trio of bells. 9th-century Santa Maria in Punta Church built by Benedictine monks. Leftovers of Roman archeological ruins. And Illyrians, Greek, Roman and Byzantine treasures from 5th and 6th centuries BC, including terracotta dishes, stone wine jars, urns, glass vessels, jewellery, coins, cutlery and medical instruments in the Budva Town Museum.

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Finally, head to Citadel, to drink in the panorama of the sea meeting the mountains over the bay. If only you could run a virtual time lapse video in your mind. Defensive walls, which protected the town from unwanted enemies once, have transformed into a peaceful venue for the city’s many dramatic performances productions. Bows and arrows poised in the loopholes that penetrate the stone ramparts then…cameras rest here now. The Adriatic, which once connected Budva to the outside world and served as a trade route for the town’s prosperity, today brings hundreds of cruise ships filled with curious day-trippers. Budva was a lure for merchants and conquerers then and is a magnet for tourists now. Cadmus struck gold! And it still shines.

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Retreat to the historic town of Budva in Montenegro

 

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An 1100-year old ancient temple that lies in ruins

Discover Kashmir’s Avantiswami temple…

You’re driving southeast of Srinagar on the road to  Jammu, silently applauding the unmatched spectacle of nature. Towering mountains, frothy streams, leafy canopies, juicy apple orchards and golden haystack fields…paradise has a permanent home in this blessed valley. An hour and 30 kilometers later, you arrive at your destination on the right bank of Jhelum river. Here stands a huge pit, at least 20 feet deep. The skirting of a modest row of tin-roof houses against a wallpaper of the lofty Himalayas is incongruously striking. But its not a pit…its a 1913-dig of crumbling ruins. Fragments of a broken puzzle from the recesses of the past, which only an imaginative eye can piece together.

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Courtesy: Wikipedia

Renowned 12th-century Sanskrit scholar and Kashmiri poet, Kalhan would have vouched for the original grandeur of the site of the majestic Avantiswamin Temple. Apart from Avantivarman (855 – 883 AD) himself, the first king of the Utpala dynasty, who founded the city of Avantipura as a capital of Kashmir and built this massive temple in honour of Lord Vishnu. But the ancient, monumental architectural wonder was ill-fated. Battles against massive earthquakes, destruction by 14th-century Afghan crusader Sultan Sikandar Butshikan and repeated floods…one unanticipated disaster after another was on the cards.

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Sweet incense once perfumed this air. Soul-stirring Vedic chants echoed in the holy atmosphere. A glorious deity graced the precious sanctum sanctorum. A venerable priest commanded over the proceedings. And throngs of ardent worshippers walked barefoot in search of solace on these solid stones. But what was once a holy, revered house of God is now a lonely, desolate archeological monument. Centuries later, artistic finesse still clings to the chipped sculpture and engineering marvel still clutches at the shaved-off masonry. Defying the cruel ravages of time.

Standing on the gravelly path that leads inside, instinct is enough to confirm how brilliant an example of Indian temple architecture this was, once upon a time. The imposing Praveshdwara (gateway) well justifies the impressive scale of the main shrine, which stands on a massive, raised platform…over 50 square feet wide and 10 feet high. Two sets of staircases, front and back and four small shrines at four corners complete the grace of the design. You try to imagine the central sanctum…it has almost disappeared over the centuries. All that left is an empty space, resounding with silence.

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Get microscopic and discover how Gandhara meets Greek in Avantiswami. Gandhara School of Art, which flourished in the Indian subcontinent during 1st to 5th century BC, was a result of the culmination of Greco-Roman, Chinese, Iranian and Indian art forms. Its main theme was Lord Buddha and Bodhisattvas. Apparently, Gandhara art influenced Kashmiri temple architecture too and the evidence is clearly laid out in Avantiswami. Observe the large stone-paved rectangular courtyard enclosing the main shrine…it has a colonnade of 69 cells. Each cell (resembling Buddhist Viharas) stand on a raised base and looks like a small temple in itself. There must have been small deities in each of these. A layout very typical of Gandharan-Buddhist monasteries. The columns in front of the cells are almost Doric in shape. The Greek touch is distinctive in the intricate geometrical, floral and bird motifs. What a fascinating interplay of cultures…their world was more probably more global than ours! They flew much higher, even without the wings of communication and technology.

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From your elevated position on top of the oversized flight of steps, visually recreate those broken pillars, using an imaginary dotted line to the skies. Mammoth slabs of stone lie scattered all over the courtyard, as if the construction team had fled in sudden haste. A fleeting glimpse of the ancient Delphi temple in Greece? A one-legged demi-god vainly flaunts his stature despite the odds. Mythical creatures peek from cracked reliefs. An elephant fights a giant horned bird with ferocity. A divine eagle proudly adorns an emblem. Pretty rosette motifs add elegance to the roughness of the stone slabs.

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And as you pan around for one last look, you notice the refined sculpture of six-armed Kamadeva (God of love) with two bejewelled consorts on the northern wall of the Adhisthana. Fine Kashmiri artistry reflects in his long garland, bow and floral-arrows. Your head inclines and you purse your lips in admiration. Avantiswami Temple may be broken in structure, but not in spirit. 1100 years later, its splendour has survived.

 

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Discover Kashmir's 1100 year old Avantiswami temple